[Grammar] -습니다 Formal verb ending

Funkorean4u.com

-습니다 Formal verb ending

-(스)ㅂ니다 is a formal verb/adjective ending.  We’ve learned the friendly/polite verb ending -아/어/여요 inthe previous post, whereas -(스)ㅂ니다 is a formal/polite verb ending.  We will hear and see this verb ending a lot on TV news or on newspaper.

The present tense is -(스)ㅂ니다.  The form of (스)ㅂ니다 depends on whether a verb/adjective stem ends with a consonant or a vowel.

Verb/adjective(ends with a consonant) + 습니다
Verb/adjective(ends with a vowel) + ㅂ니다

For example,

Verb/adjective(ends with a consonant)+습니다
(다)+습니다
먹습니다
(다)+습니다
읽습니다
(다) +습니다
좋습니다
Verb/adjective(ends with a vowel)+ㅂ니다
(다) + ㅂ니다
갑니다
(다) + ㅂ니다
옵니다
(다)+ㅂ니다
예쁩니다

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

The past tense of -습니다 is -았/었/였습니다.  The form of -았/었/였습니다 depends on a vowel of a verb/adjective’s stem.

Verb/adjective
-았/었/였습니다
Output
아/오 vowel
가(다)

View original post 156 more words

Advertisements

[Vocabulary] 그런데, 하지만, 그러나 : but, however

Thanks!

Funkorean4u.com

그런데, 하지만, 그러나 : but, however

These three conjunctions have the same meaning which is ‘however’ or ‘but’, however there are few differences.

그런데 also has another meaning which is ‘by the way‘ besides ‘but’.  We use this when we change topics.  Koreans often write it as ‘근데‘, but the correct form is 그런데.

우리 부모님은 키가 크세요. 그런데 저는 키가 작아요.  My parents are tall, but I am small.

오랜만이에요. 그런데 왜 혼자 왔어요?  Long time no see! By the way, why did you come alone?

가방이 참 예뻐요. 그런데 이거 얼마예요?  This bag is really pretty. By the way, how much is this?

하지만 also means ‘but’ or ‘however’.  It is a little bit more formal than 그런데.

우리 집에 피아노가 있어요. 하지만 저는 피아노를 칠 줄 몰라요.  There is a piano at my home, but I don’t know…

View original post 74 more words

[Grammar] Question words

Thanks!

Funkorean4u.com

Question words for Beginners

Untitled-1

You can also listen to the pronunciation here.

어느
which
어느 나라 사람이에요?
Where are you from?
어느 학교 다녀요?
Which school are you attending?
누구
whom, whose
누구 거예요?
Whose thing is it?
누가
who(subject)
누가 안 왔어요?
Who didn’t come?
what
뭐 해요?
What are you doing?
무엇
formal word of ‘뭐’
무엇을 합니까?
What are you doing?
무슨+ N
what kind of N
무슨 음식을 좋아해요?
What food do you like?
무슨 책을 읽어요?
What book do you read?
why
왜 안 왔어요?
Why didn’t you come?
전화 왜 안 받아요?
Why didn’t you answer my phone?
어디
where
어디에 가요?
Where are you going?
어디에서 왔어요?
Where are you (coming) from?
언제
when
언제 한국에 왔어요?
When did you come to Korea?
언제 집에 와요?
When are you coming home?
어떻게
how
부산에 어떻게 가요?
How do I get…

View original post 71 more words