-습니다 Formal verb ending
-(스)ㅂ니다 is a formal verb/adjective ending. We’ve learned the friendly/polite verb ending -아/어/여요 inthe previous post, whereas -(스)ㅂ니다 is a formal/polite verb ending. We will hear and see this verb ending a lot on TV news or on newspaper.
The present tense is -(스)ㅂ니다. The form of (스)ㅂ니다 depends on whether a verb/adjective stem ends with a consonant or a vowel.
Verb/adjective(ends with a consonant) + 습니다
Verb/adjective(ends with a vowel) + ㅂ니다
Verb/adjective(ends with a consonant)+습니다
Verb/adjective(ends with a vowel)+ㅂ니다
가(다) + ㅂ니다
오(다) + ㅂ니다
You can also listen to the pronunciation here.
The past tense of -습니다 is -았/었/였습니다. The form of -았/었/였습니다 depends on a vowel of a verb/adjective’s stem.
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